Comprehensive Eye Examination
Conducted by registered optometrists, a comprehensive eye examination includes a series of assessments and it facilitates early diagnosis and treatment of underlying eye diseases such as glaucoma and macular degeneration. Comprehensive eye examination is as important as your annual body check. The American Optometric Association suggests people receive comprehensive eye examinations once a year.
i) Eye's History Taking
To be familiar with the client’s eye conditions, visual needs and medical history.
ii) Vision and Refraction
To examine the eyesight and the lens power needed for visual correction. This procedure diagnoses conditions such as short-sightedness, long-sightedness, astigmatisms, lazy eyes and reading difficulties due to aging.
iii) Binocular Vision and Colour Vision Screening
To have an overview of the binocular vision condition and colour vision. It can screen out problems that may affect reading performance, such as squint, crossed eyes and focusing disorders.
iv) Intra-ocular Pressure Measurement
To use a non-contact method to measure the intraocular pressure of the eye. It acts as a part of the glaucoma risk evaluation.
v) Ocular Health Assessment and Digital Fundus Photography
To examine the external and internal eye health conditions. With the use of specific ophthalmic equipment and devices, we can examine the cornea, the crystalline lens and the retina. It can diagnose a series of sight-threatening eye diseases including cataract, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration and diabetic eye diseases. These assessments even help to discover serious health issues such as blockage of blood vessels and tumors.
vi) Dilated Fundus Examination or Cycloplegic Refraction (Suggested)
To better examine the peripheral retinal health and enable early diagnosis of severe retinal diseases such as retinal hole, break and detachment, it is necessary to use eyedrops to dilate the pupil for the assessments. We suggest people undergo annual dilated fundus examination, particularly for those who are highly short-sighted (over -5.00D) as well as having a positive personal and family history of ocular diseases. Besides, sometimes it is needed to perform cycloplegic refraction on children. It refers to the use of eyedrops to relax the accommodative muscles and obtain an accurate refraction result.
vii) Diagnosis and Recommendations
Based on the assessment findings, optometrists will make diagnosis for the eye conditions and provide professional advice.